Dublin Convention Centre is too small for the size of this convention. By
a lot. Thursday was chaos in the halls leading into the meeting rooms.
Packed solid with people trying to exit rooms where panels had ended and
others who were wanting to get into those same rooms for the next round
of panels. Convention Centre staff became the traffic police in a
mostly vain attempt to keep everybody moving.
Friday the chaos had abated by a bit, but there have still
been severe people flow problems. Overnight each floor of the
Convention Centre was taped off into queue lanes, one for each meeting
room. It’ll not quite an airport boarding lounge situation but very
similar. And this created addition confusion until, finally, everybody
started to figure it all out. But this system created lots
of delays and there are usually lines of people waiting access for
some rooms even after the scheduled panel starting time.
has resulted in plenty of people with frayed tempers, from what I’ve observed,
but no meltdowns. At least for now but there are still three days to
other thing I observed— the traffic police are not to be messed with!
More than one person was firmly directed to clear out of some area where
queues would be forming. Don’t think anybody has dared to jump a line
after seeing them in action!
Heicon Memories panel
opened with round of applause for Silverberg when he stated that this is his
66th Worldcon. He has the record, I think.
Tompkins, Ginjer Buchanan, Robert Silverberg, and Mary Burns.
Bill Burns and Geri Sullivan.
Unsurprisingly, most everybody in the room not only knew about the site,
they also were frequent visitors. And many of us even have Fanzines
hosted by the site!
Keith Kato’s Chili Party
…was held in Oscar Wilde’s House.
There was even a docent tour.
First Fandom awards were presented during Opening Ceremonies at Dublin
First Fandom Hall of Fame Award: Ray Faraday Nelson
First Fandom Posthumous Hall of Fame Award: Bob Shaw, James White and Walt Willis
Sam Moskowitz Archive Award: Dr. Bradford Lyau
The First Fandom Hall of Fame Award (est . 1963) is presented annually to honor an individual’s lifetime of accomplishments in the field of science fiction. Geri Sullivan, the TAFF Delegate, announced the Ray Faraday Nelson as the award recipient and it was accepted on Nelson’s behalf by Chair James Bacon.
Fandom Hall of Fame Award citation:
Because of his life-long genuine love of science fiction and his enthusiastic service to that community for decades, the members of First Fandom have elected Ray Faraday Nelson to the First Fandom Hall of Fame for 2019.
American SF author and cartoonist most famous for his 1963 short story “Eight O’Clock in the Morning,” which was later used by John Carpenter as basis for his 1988 film They Live. Nelson became an active member of fandom while a teen-ager. He began his career writing and creating cartoons for SF fanzines. Later, he wrote many professionally published short stories. Nelson collaborated with Philip K. Dick (a friend since childhood) on The Ganymede Takeover (published 1967). At the 1982 Philip K. Dick Awards, Nelson’s novel The Prometheus Man gained a Special Citation. Nelson professed his greatest claim to fame to be the creator (while still in high school) of the iconic propeller beanie as emblematic of science fiction fandom.
The First Fandom Posthumous Hall of Fame Award (est. 1994) is presented to honor the accomplishments of a worthy member of the SF community who did not receive that recognition during their lifetime. Geri Sullivan announced the selections of Bob Shaw, James White and Walt Willis to be inducted posthumously into the Hall of Fame.
First Fandom Posthumous Hall of Fame Award citation:
These three great Irish fans collaborated for decades and promoted genuine goodwill around the world. It is our privilege to honor their memory in the same year that the Worldcon is being held in Dublin.
Well-known part of influential Irish SF Fandom, the Wheels of IF. Special guest, 1952 Worldcon, and recipient of travel funds raised by fans. This inspired the annual TransAtlantic Fan Fund (TAFF). Willis was awarded a 1958 Hugo Award as Outstanding Actifan. Nominated for best fan writer Hugo (1969) and for two Retro-Hugos in the same category (2001, 2004). Nominated in fanzine category (1957, 1959) for Hyphen. Received Fanzine Retro-Hugo nominations (2004) for Slant and Hyphen. He shared a Retro-Hugo for Slant with that fanzine’s art editor James White. Willis’ best known work is The Enchanted Duplicator (1954), co-written with Bob Shaw. Willis was Fan Guest of Honor at Magicon (the 1992 Worldcon). (d. 1999.)
Northern Irish author of science fiction novellas, short stories and novels who became a SF fan in 1941. With Walt Willis, he co-wrote two fanzines, Slant (1948–1953) and Hyphen (1952–1965). White’s first novel, The Secret Visitors was published in 1957. White was a long-time Council Member of the British SF Association and a Patron of the Irish SF Association. (d. 1999.)
SF writer and fan from Northern Ireland. Hugo Award for Best Fan Writer (1979, 1980). His short story “Light of Other Days” was a Hugo Award nominee in 1967, as was his novel The Ragged Astronauts (in 1987). (d. 1996.)
The Sam Moskowitz Archive Award for attaining “Excellence in Collecting” was presented to Dr. Bradford Lyau by First Fandom International Vice-President Mr. Erle M. Korshak.
The Sam Moskowitz Archive Award citation:
Dr. Bradford Lyau is a genuine SF enthusiast. He has been an avid collector for more than fifty years and has assembled an archive of pulp magazines, books and vintage comic books. Through active correspondence, Brad developed friendships with many of his favorite writers. He knew Sam Moskowitz and visited Forry in the Ackermansion. Dr. Lyau has published numerous academic articles and scholarly books and has served over the years as a panelist and moderator at conventions throughout the world.
Information from BayCon 2016:
Dr. Bradford Lyau has been a life-long reader of SF, part of fandom for over forty years, and a panelist for over twenty-five years. He is a historian by training (BA, UC-Berkeley; MA, PhD, University of Chicago) and once taught at several universities in California and Europe. He presently works for a start-up company and is a political activist/consultant. He remains active in formal scholarship, publishing academic articles on American, British, French, and other European SF. He was an invited program participant in 1984 for the George Orwell Conference held in London, and in 1991 for the Utopian Conference held in Yverdon-les-Bain, Switzerland, as part of Switzerland’s 700th Anniversary celebration. One of his recent articles analyzed Cixin Liu’s recently translated novels, his first attempt to analyze SF from a non-Western culture. His book analyzing French SF, The Anticipation Novelists of 1950s French Science Fiction: Stepchildren of Voltaire, received very positive reviews from leading academic SF journals and is listed as a reference for further reading in the “France” entry in the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction.
By Chris M. Barkley: After a brutal and taxing
trans-Atlantic transit on Monday, my partner Juli and I were able to obtain our
membership badges fairly easily Tuesday morning.
Yesterday was mainly spent getting used to our surroundings and
the weather; the city could have been any busy port city in New England in tone
save for the local traffic patterns were the opposite from what we Americans
were used to and the skies were for the most part slightly chilly, overcast
with partial, misty showers throughout the day.
At 10:20 a.m., Juli and I walked to the Convention Centre which was located less than a kilometer away from the gated apartment complex we were renting for the week.
My first panel was at 11 a.m. in a moderately sized room on the
second floor of the Centre, “Crime and Punishment in the Age of Superheroes.”
Since it was early in the morning on the first day, my expectations were quite
low. I met my fellow panelists, UK fan Rachel Coleman and US novelist Dan Moren
in the Green Room situated at the top floor of the building. In our initial
greetings they reminded me that I was the moderator of the panel, which I had
conveniently forgotten and was a momentary source of amusement. Our fourth
member, the Hugo-nominated French author Aliette de Bodard was missing but we
weren’t particularly worried that she might not show.
Imagine our surprise when we walked into our room and saw that it
was nearly standing room only crowd! As we settled in, Ms. de Bodard came
hustling in out of breath but quite able and willing to dive into our subject.
What followed was a lively session in which we discussed the
degree superheroes might be legally liable for their activities, the rendition
of super villains, how any super-powered person might be tried and imprisoned
and what sort of punishment would be appropriate and what would be considered
“cruel and unusual punishment”.
One of the more entertaining bits of discussion was comparing the
relative degree of danger a person the psychological profile like Tony Stark or
Bruce Wayne would be versus some like Peter Parker, who, at least at this point
in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, is relatively altruistic.
As always with the panels I moderate, half the time was spent with
the panel and the remaining time we took comments and questions from the
We could have easily gone on for another hour. At the end of our
time, the audience gave us a healthy round of applause and we were quite pleased with their
My next panel, “Sports in Science Fiction and Fantasy” was scheduled
for 2 p.m. We decided to cruise through the Dealer’s Room, which was rather
smaller in comparison to the previous Worldcons I have attended but I was quite
happy with the number of vendors and their wares.
Another early shopper was the well-known media mogul/mega best-selling
author George R.R. Martin (pictured below), who was only slightly disguised
(eschewing his usual fishing cap in favor of a Game of Thrones baseball
cap) and enjoying himself immensely. He also took a moment to take me to task
for proposing yet another Hugo Award category (In this case, the Best
Translated Novel, which might be discussed at the Main Business Meeting
if it is passed on from the Preliminary Business Meeting on Friday.)
“It’s getting to be too much,” Martin said. “I hope it doesn’t get
to be like the Emmy Awards.”
“What do you mean,” I asked.
“Well, some of the awards are not going to be televised and are
going to be given out before the show. I don’t want that to happen to the
I assured GRRM that I did not want that to happen either and that
I personally did not have any plans to introduce any other changes at the
moment. We then parted, he with a somewhat relieved look on his face. Have a
Happy Worldcon, George…
I had to make a courtesy visit to the Press Office, where Daniel
Dern presented me with a spare File 770 “Scum and Villainy” button and
met the Area Head, the gracious and amiable Diana Ben-Aron, who presented me
with a Press ribbon.
UK fan Neil Williamson was the moderator of “Sports in Science
Fiction and Fantasy” along with novelist Fonda Lee, prolific writer Rick Wilber
(author of many baseball and sports related short stories. I described myself
as a lifelong baseball fan whose home is also that of the first professional
baseball team, the Cincinnati Reds, celebrating this year the 150th Anniversary
of the first team.
With that, I pulled out my black ESPN cap and offered a Euro to
the first person who could tell me what the letter “E” stood for. A number of US fans in the
audience were flummoxed by the challenge but a quick-thinking male European fan
remembered that it stood for Entertainment Sports Programming Network. Hilarity
ensued when I fumbled around and was unable to FIND the coin in my change
purse. Anxious to move on, Neil produced a coin and paid off the winner. (Juli
gave me a coin to reimburse Neil and I found the coin later and paid her back…)
Fonda Lee and Rick Wilber gave some excellent examples through
their own works of how the portrayal of sports in fiction gave some insight
into the societies they were writing about. Neil and I mostly mused on how the
sports we love might change in the future. Again, the audience seemed to have
had a good time and gave us all a round of applause.
From there we checked off the obligatory “American food experience
in a foreign country” of the travel list with a lunch at Eddie Rocket’s, a
disturbingly familiar place that served burgers, fries and milkshakes.
The restaurant was adjacent to the Odeon Theater at The Point our
next programming destination, where artist John Picacio was giving a slideshow
overview of his works. The venue was rather unique because it took place in a
mid-sized movie theater in the complex.
Mr. Picacio regaled the almost full house with stories of how he
became artist, techniques and style tips for beginning artists and some
fascinating stories of how George R.R. Martin roped him into doing the 2012 Game
of Thrones calendar and how the images from this source were highly-referenced
by the producers and casting directors in choosing actors for their roles.
The highlight of the day was the Opening Ceremonies which also
presented the1944 Retro Hugo Awards. After some festive banter by our hosts
Ellen Klages and Dave Rudden, we were treated to a short comi-tragic play and
the introduction of the Guests of Honor, who also served as Hugo presenters.
Hilarity ensued through the evening as each successive presenter
struggled to open the award envelopes, which were triple sealed by masking AND
Well, not all of the presenters; Author Guest of Honor Diane Duane
was undaunted because she was the only one who was carrying a knife, because,
as she explained, “Knives ALWAYS work.” She declined to share the knife with
any of the other presenters.
After that it was off to the parties, which were being held on the
third level of the Centre. As crowded and festive as this gathering was, I can
only wonder what Edie Stern, Joe Siclari and former Worldcon Chair Michael
Walsh were intensely discussing near the escalators away from all the
The 1944 Retro-Hugo Award base (left) and 2019 Hugo Award base (right) are on display at Dublin 2019. Thanks to Rich Lynch for the photo.
The 1944 Retro Hugo base was designed
by Eleanor Wheeler. She is an architectural and sculptural
ceramicist who has created large scale art for public spaces including at the
Market Square in Armagh and the Gasworks, the Mater Hospital and Drumglass Park
in Belfast. She lives in County Down and has had numerous solo
exhibitions, drawing on her travels locally as well as throughout Asia, Africa
and Europe for inspiration.
The 2019 Hugo base was designed by Jim
Fitzpatrick. Based in Dublin, he is famous for his Celtic
art, in particular for his publications The Book of Conquests, The Silver Arm, The Children of Lir (with
Michael Scott) and Erinsaga; and also for his album covers for Thin Lizzy and
Sinéad O’Connor. Perhaps his best known work is his iconic 1968 portrait of Che
Once video of the meeting has been uploaded, it will be available at
The agenda is available here. The references (e.g. “D7”) refer to items
Short summary: The business meeting rejected the proposed Best
Translated Novel Hugo by a motion to postpone indefinitely. Basically,
everything else was assigned a debate time and will be taken up tomorrow.
Here are the highlights – see the full post for what the
participants had to say, and details of the parliamentary maneuvering.
Last year’s Worldcon chair (Worldcon 76) Kevin Roche responded to a question about their financial report. “Kevin Roche reports they are still in litigation which reduces the pass-along funds, but he has brought three checks for Dublin, CoNZealand, and the 79th Worldcon. First four complaints dismissed with prejudice, defamation claim still pending…. Kent Bloom questions Roche about surplus to give a donation for preserving the Worldcon memorabilia. Roche will check his budget, but they anticipate prevailing in the lawsuit however it is a hope not a guarantee.”
The motion to add a Standing Rule giving the Committee of the Whole the ability to extend itself rather than repeat the labyrinthine maneuver from last year’s business meeting was passed, and (by a second vote) given immediate effect. The text of the rule is —
Rule 5.12: Committee of the Whole. The Committee of the Whole shall have the right to amend its duration without seeking permission from the Business Meeting by way of a motion to extend debate.
Motions to extend the Hugo eligibility Prospect and Worlds of
Ursula K LeGuin both passed.
Debate times were set for ratification of business
passed on from last year, to be considered on Saturday.
Debate times were set for new constitutional amendments
D7 – the “Five and Five” motion to cut back the number of Hugo finalists in a category to five – was challenged by a motion postpone indefinitely. . [See discussion of motion at File 770 in “Reform of Rollback?”] The motion to postpone indefinitely failed, for lack of a two-thirds majority, 46 in favor, 30 against. Debate time was set.
D8-D11 debate times set.
D12 – The proposal to add a Best Translated Novel Hugo
was eliminated when the meeting voted in favor of a motion to postpone
D13 – The proposal to add a Best Game or Interactive
Experience Hugo survived a motion to postpone indefinitely and debate time was
All the items for which debate time was set will come up for
consideration at a subsequent business meeting session this weekend.
Science fiction and fantasy author N.K. Jemisin will be the spokesperson this year for Indies First, the campaign supporting independent bookstores that takes place on Small Business Saturday, which this year is November 30, Bookselling This Week reported.
Jemisin the first author in history to win three consecutive Hugo Awards for Best Novel, all for her Broken Earth trilogy. She is also the winner of the Locus Award for Best First Novel and the Sense of Gender Award for The Hundred Thousand Kingdoms, the first volume in her Inheritance Trilogy. She is published by Hachette’s Orbit imprint.
In November 2018, Jemisin published How Long ’til Black Future Month?, a collection of short stories that, BTW said, “sharply examine modern society with thought-provoking narratives of destruction, rebirth, and redemption.” The paperback edition was published on Tuesday.
Jemisin has already created a video, in which she encourages viewers to visit their local indie on November 30, the seventh annual Indies First Day. Appropriately the video was filmed at the Greenlight Bookstore in Fort Greene, Brooklyn, N.Y.
(2) SELECTED RETRO STATS. Pending the appearance of the
full 1944 Retro-Hugo voting statistics, Nicholas Whyte offers lots of
illuminating observations in his “Retro Hugo
summary”. For example –
Closest results: Best Fan Writer, where Forrest J. Ackerman beat Wilson “Bob” Tucker by 18 votes. Best Fanzine, where Le Zombie beat Futurian War Digest by 23 votes, after several rounds of very close eliminations. Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form, where Frankenstein Meets the Wolfman beat I Walked With a Zombie by 25 votes
IN 2017, Australia’s Chief Scientist Alan Finkel proposed all leaders be required to read science fiction to help them understand the past and future of science and technology as well as how new innovations might affect human society.
Similarly, in 2015, his predecessor Ian Chubb said science teachers could learn a thing or two from the television sitcom The Big Bang Theory about making science fun.
This isn’t just Australian contrarianism. Britain’s former science minister Malcolm Wicks suggested in 2007 that teachers use scenes from Doctor Who and Star Wars to kickstart discussion in science classrooms.
Just last year American vulcanologist Jess Phoenix ran for Congress on a platform of linking science-based environmental action to the values of the Star Trek universe.
It may seem outlandish to talk about real science and popular fiction in the same sentence, and doing so frequently creates clickbait headlines, but there’s surprising depth to this connection….
…I can still remember, with piercing clarity, my first experience of reading Etchison’s work. Indeed, I can even recall precisely the place and time: a stifling summer night in 1983, in a two-room apartment in Lake Worth, Florida, with insects buzzing at the screen and the fan cranked up high. The book was the 1982 Scream Press edition of The Dark Country, the author’s first collection, and I passed from the clutching terror of “It Only Comes Out at Night,” in which a driver slowly realizes he is being tracked by a killer, to the creepy elusiveness of “The Nighthawk,” whose young heroine comes to suspect that her brother may be a shapeshifting monster, to the unremitting grimness of the title story, wherein a pack of nihilistic expats in Mexico fritter away their days and their sanity, in a sustained, breathless epiphany.
It is hard to say why Etchison connected with me so powerfully on a visceral level. Perhaps Karl Edward Wagner offers a hint, in his introduction to the next Scream Press collection, Red Dreams (1984): “Etchison’s nightmares and fears are intensely personal, and his genius is to make us realize that we share them.”
Science fiction is my favorite literary genre by far—I’ve written five sci-fi books myself—so making this list was going to be difficult. I ended up going with some of my favorites, while weighing against the larger scale of some of these novels and their impact on the genre overall.
There are some truly massive series in here, as well as all-time greats that any literary fan should read, regardless of their favorite genre. Here are some of the best science fiction books of all time:
(6) TODAY IN HISTORY.
August 15, 1939 — The Wizard of Oz
premieres at Grauman’s Chinese Theater, in Hollywood, on this day.
(7) TODAY’S BIRTHDAYS.
[Compiled by Cat Eldridge.]
Born August 15, 1858 — E. Nesbit. She wrote or collaborated on more than sixty books of children’s literature including the Five Children Universe series. She was also a political activist and co-founded the Fabian Society, a socialist organization later affiliated to the Labour Party. (Died 1924.)
Born August 15, 1906 — William Sloane. Best known for his novel To Walk The Night which Boucher, King and Bloch all highly praise. Indeed, the latter includes it on his list of favorite horror novels. It and the Edge of Running Water were published together as The Rim of Morning in the early Sixties and it was reissued recently with an introduction by King. (Died 1974.)
Born August 15, 1932— Robert L. Forward. Physicist and SF writer whose eleven novels I find are often great on ideas and quite thin on character development. Dragon’s Egg is fascinating as a first contact novel, and Saturn Rukh is another first contact novel that’s just as interesting. (Died 2002.)
Born August 15, 1933 — Bjo Trimble, 86. Her intro to fandom was TASFiC, the 1952 Worldcon. She would be active in LASFS in the late 1950s onward and has been involved in more fanzines than I can comfortably list here. Of course, many of us know her from Trek especially the successful campaign for a third season. She’s responsible for the Star Trek Concordance, an amazing work even by today’s standards. And yes, I read it and loved it. She shows up (uncredited) as a crew member in the Recreation Deck scene in Star Trek: The Motion Picture. Bjo and her husband John Trimble were the Fan Guests of Honor at the 60th Worldcon, ConJose.
Born August 15, 1934 — Darrell K. Sweet. Illlustrator who was best-known for providing cover art for genre novels, in which capacity he was nominated for a Hugo award in 1983. He was Illustrator GoH at 71st Worldcon, LoneStarCon III. He was also a guest of honor at Tuckercon in 2007, at the 2010 World Fantasy Convention in 2010, and LepreCon in 2011. (Died 2011.)
Born August 15, 1943 — Barbara Bouchet, 76. Yes, I’ve a weakness for performers who’ve shown up on the original Trek. She plays Kelinda in “By Any Other Name”. She also appeared in Casino Royale as Miss Moneypenny, and is Ava Vestok in Agent for H.A.R.M. which sounds like someone was unsuccessfully emulating The Man from U.N.C.L.E. It will be lampooned by Mystery Science Theater 3000.
Born August 15, 1945 — Nigel Terry. King Arthur in Excalibur. Now there’s a bloody telling of the Arthurian myth. He’s General Cobb in the Doctor Who episode “The Doctor’s Daughter” which occurs during the time of the Tenth Doctor, and on the Highlander series as Gabriel Piton in the “Eye of the Beholder” episode. He even played Harold Latimer in “The Greek Interpreter” on Sherlock Holmes. (Died 2015.)
Born August 15, 1957 — David Henry Hwang, 62. Writer of 1000 Airplanes on the Roof which is a melodrama in one act by Philip Glass with projections by Jerome Sirlin. The opera premiered on July 15, 1988, at the Vienna Airport in Hangar #3. The initial performance featured vocals by Linda Ronstadt.
Born August 15, 1958 — Stephen Haffner, 61. Proprietor of Haffner Press which appears to be largely a mystery and genre reprint endeavor though he’s published such original anthologies as Edmond Hamilton & Leigh Brackett Day, October 16, 2010 and the non-fiction work Thirty-Five Years of the Jack Williamson Lectureship which he did with Patric Caldwell.
Born August 15, 1972 — Ben Affleck, 47. Batman in Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice and Justice League which I’ll admit I’ve not watched. IMDB claims he shows up in a uncredited spot in Suicide Squad as well. He’s Matt Murdock aka The Daredevil in Daredevil which I have seen — it’s pretty crappy. He’s actually in Field of Dreams, too, as a fan on the stands in Fenway though he’s not credited.
(8) CATCHING UP WITH OBAMA. A bit of sff shows up on Barack Obama’s summer reading list —
Amidst all the big-budget mega-blockbusters this
summer, Alexandre Aja
managed to carve out a respectable performance from his horror flick Crawl, your timeless tale of human
vs. alligator vs. hurricane.
Now, the director behind High Tension, The Hills Have Eyes, and Piranha 3Dis staying firmly in his horror lane as he’s signed on to make a haunted house feature for Steven Spielberg’s Amblin Partners. But unlike most horror movies that get a theatrical release, this one will ditch its linear story and instead embrace a sprawling ‘choose your own adventure’ narrative (one seemingly unrelated to any of the actual Choose Your Own Adventure series of books).
Mike Kennedy says, “In
my opinion the true horror is all of the theatergoers using the special voting
app on their smartphones continuously during the movie. You know half of them
will be live-tweeting the movie and the other half getting update after update
after update from the ones’ tweeting.”
It was kind of like Christmas — except it was August, the only presents were vintage television sets, and Santa had a TV on his head.
Residents of more than 50 households in Henrico County, Va., woke up this weekend to find old-style TVs outside their doorsteps, said Matt Pecka, a lieutenant with the local police department. Pecka said police began receiving reports about the TVs early Sunday. By the morning, their phones were clogged with calls.
…The givers had TVs instead of faces.
The videos reveal at least one of the deliverymen: a man dressed in a blue jumpsuit, black gloves and what appear to be brown hiking-style boots. He wears a TV set on his shoulders, positioned so it obscures his face…
(11) ROMAN SORCERER’S TOOLKIT. According to the art website Hyperallergic, archaeologists at Pompeii have discovered a wooden box full of sorcerer’s implements. They believe that the box was owned by a Roman sorceress. “A ‘Sorcerer’s Treasure Trove’ Uncovered in Pompeii”
The sorcery items include crystals, amber and amethyst stones, buttons made of bones, amulets, dolls, bells, phallic amulets, fists, human figurines, and a miniature human skull. A glass bead depicts the head of Dionysus, the Greek god of wine and fertility. Another glass amulet features a dancing satyr.
“The high quality of the amber and glass pastes and the engraving of the figures confirm the importance of the domus owner,” Osanna continued. But since none of the objects in this “sorcerer’s treasure trove” was made of gold, a material favored by Pompeii’s elites, they most likely belonged to a servant or a slave rather than the owner of the house, Osanna assessed in an interview with the Italian news agency ANSA .
[Thanks to Daniel Dern, Mike Kennedy, Contrarius, Martin Morse Wooster, John King Tarpinian, JJ, Chip Hitchcock, Cat Eldridge, Rob Thornton, and Andrew Porter for some of these stories. Title credit goes to File 770 contributing editor of the day Daniel Dern with an assist from Anna Nimmhaus.]