By John Hertz: (reprinted from Vanamonde 1334) The s-f community knows Sturgeon’s Retort “90% of everything is [worthless]” (he’d been told “90% of s-f is [worthless]”). William Tenn reported hearing it from Theodore Sturgeon in 1951.
I’ve mentioned the 80% – 20% proportion found so widely by Vilfredo Pareto (1848-1923); Kipling had it yet earlier (“Four-fifths of everybody’s work must be bad. But the remnant is worth the trouble for its own sake,” The Light That Failed ch. 7, 1890). Sturgeon was fairly well-read; I don’t remember his ever mentioning Pareto, or Kipling on this point; I’m sorry I never mentioned it to him.
Sturgeon’s Real Law as formulated “Nothing is always absolutely so” (“The Claustrophile”, Galaxy Aug 56) invites two jests, if I may call them that.
First, it’s a kind of pseudomenon (like “Does ‘Rules get exceptions’ get exceptions?”) – is it always absolutely so? But this is actually what Heinlein’s characters in “Gulf” (1949) call a grammatical error (“Paradoxes are verbal, do not exist in the real world”). Russell and Tarski showed that even the ultimate pseudomenon “‘Yields a falsehood when appended to its own quotation’ yields a falsehood when appended to its own quotation” falls when subjected to better grammar: it should be “‘Yields a falsehood-0 when appended to its own quotation’ yields a falsehood-1 when appended to its own quotation” whereupon it is plainly seen to be false-2 (see e.g. W. Quine, The Ways of Paradox rev. 1976, pp. 7-8).
Second, it’s a wonderful Taoist pun. To a Taoist “Nothing is always absolutely so” taking nothing in the sense of the Tao Têh Ching(“the formless form, the immaterial image” ch. 14, “here before Heaven and Earth … dwells apart and never varies” ch. 25, “not conferred but always so” ch. 51). This is so Sturgeonesque I’m really sorry I never mentioned it to him. Of course a Confucian would say “That’s right, you should take nothing in the sense of the Tao Têh Ching.”
Since a well-known fan, who is still my friend, once called me “an earnest man in a propeller beanie”, two notes. When I misspelled the fannish missspelling “poctsarcd” (see H. Warner, Jr., A Wealth of Fable rev. 1992, pp. 163-64; or here) as poctsacrd, Jack Speer promptly replied “Nothing is sacrd.” And this.
Gillian Polack agrees the annotations are superb.
Larry Niven says the Comedy
is S-F, but what do I know?
Sayers (1893-1957) wrote a lot of other fine things, non-fiction
and fiction. She earned first-class
honours at Oxford (1915), pioneering for a woman then.
This passage from Five Red
Herrings (1931) strikes me as pertinent just now. Her fictional detective Lord Peter Wimsey
(younger son of a Duke, thus formally “Lord Peter”; “Wimsey” to his friends) is
in Scotland talking with Hugh Farren (ch. 20; I use U.S.-style quotation
“Wimsey, you’re rich; and there’s nothing to stop you from doing what you like. Why do you trouble to be respectable?”
“…. I get my fun out of it.”
“I know you do,” said Farren, looking at him in a puzzled way. “It’s odd. You create an illusion of liberty. Is it money? Or is it being unmarried? But there are plenty of unmarried men who –”
“Aren’t we wandering slightly from the subject?” said Wimsey.
But its overnight viewings in the U.K. were anything but stellar, with 5.15 million tuning in on the BBC, a 22.4 percent share, according to reports, half a million less than Idris Elba’s return as Luther the same evening. The figure — which is before consolidated views have been included — marks the lowest for any Doctor Who festive special since the series returned in its modern form in 2005, and also Whittaker’s second-worst episode this season. By contrast, David Tennant’s first special landed 9.4 million overnight views, Matt Smith’s 10.3 million and Peter Capaldi’s 6.3 million. However, these were all broadcast Christmas Day.
This figure placed the feature above Patty Jenkins’ Wonder Woman, which lassoed a little over $821 million during its theatrical run in 2017. Domestically, Aquaman also broke the $200 million mark in North America, but it still needs $197 or so million to beat Wonder Woman‘s total American gross of $412 million.
(4) WU AND ARISIA. During
Brianna Wu’s 2018 congressional race she focused on issues with wide appeal,
and on attracting attention from major media. But the other
day on Facebook she returned a fannish subject, the forthcoming Arisia
If you attend Arisia, Inc. this year, I’m not going to say anything to you – but I will absolutely think less of you.
A convention that had multiple sexual predators at senior leadership levels and ignored the rape of a teenager is not a convention you should support. You cannot attend Arisia and also also support women.
I will not be buying your books. I will not support your art. I will never do you a favor.
You are the choices the [sic] make.
(5) BLACK MIRROR IN FINANCIAL
TIMES. Martin Morse Wooster peeked behind the Financial Times paywall to report on their coverage of Black Mirror’s “Bandersnatch” episode.
the December 29 Financial TImes,
Shannon Bond interviews “Black Mirror” showrunners Charlie Brooker
and Anabel Jones about the forthcoming episode of Black Mirror called
“Bandersnatch” which will be interactive. It’s about a choose
your own adventure writer who gets trapped in “a branching set of
storylines that descend down rabbit holes exploring free will and mind
“‘We didn’t know what the story would be and we were like, ‘Wouldn’t that just be a gimmick?’ said Mr Brooker.
But once the pair hit upon a plot with the right themes, they were quick to embrace the opportunity, said Ms Jones,
‘It’s absolutely baked into the story this idea of freedom of choice and control and the illusion of control and the illusion of choice. Once you’ve got that as the basic conceit and you have the protagonist and you can give them multiple endings but these endings only build to reinforce the whole, then that’s delicious,’ she said.”
could call it “Choose Your Own Adventure–To Despair!” says Wooster. “Good
(6) BEWARE THE BIRD BOX CHALLENGE. Ethan
Alter, in “Netflix
to Fans: Don’t Be Like Bullock And Avoid
BIRD BOX Challenge,” says that Netflix is telling fans to avoid a
viral challene to do things while blindfolded just like Sandra Bullock does in
BIRD BOX, saying they could hurt themselves and Bullock announced she bumped into
the Steadicam several times while doing her blindfolded scenes.
American scientist Larry Roberts who helped design and build the forerunner of the internet has died aged 81.
In the late 1960s, he ran the part of the US Advanced Research Projects Agency (Arpa) given the job of creating a computer network called Arpanet.
He also recruited engineers to build and test the hardware and software required to get the system running.
Arpanet pioneered technologies underpinning the internet that are still used today.
Dr Roberts is recognised as one of the four founding fathers of the internet along with Bob Kahn, Vint Cerf and Len Kleinrock.
The son of two chemists, Dr Roberts reportedly chose electronics as a field of study because it was more forward-looking.
(8) TODAY’S BIRTHDAYS.
by Cat Eldridge.]
Born January 2, 1920 – Isaac Asimov. I can’t possibly summarise him here so I won’t. My favourite novels by him are the original Foundation novels followed very closely by his Galactic Empire series and I, Robot. I also still like the Robot series a lot and I know I’ve read a lot of his short fiction. (Died 1992.)
Born January 2, 1929 – Charles Beaumont. He is best remembered as a writer of such Twilight Zone episodes such as “The Howling Man”, “Printer’s Devil”, and the “Number Twelve Looks Just Like You”, but he also penned the exemplary 7 Faces of Dr. Lao screenplay, and The Masque of the Red Death, a horror film with Vincent Price which is rather good. (Died 1967.)
Born January 2, 1978 — Renée Elise Goldsberry, 41. Currently Quellcrist Falconer in the Altered Carbon series with her first SF role having been Crewman Kelly on the “Vox Sola” episode of Star Trek: Enterprise. I think her only other genre appearance is as Denise Watkins in the long titled “Things to Do in New York When You Think You’re Dead” episode of Life on Mars series. I’ve read the entire Altered Carbon series but not seen the series, so how is it?
Born January 2, 1979 – Tobias Buckell, 40. I read and enjoyed a lot his Xenowealth series which was both both original and managed to wrap nicely. Do note that “The Alchemist and The Executioness “ novella he wrote with the latter and is which is part of the latter’s Tangled Lands Universe is definitely worth chasing down out for reading
Born January 2, 1983 — Kate Bosworth, 36. Not a long resume in the genre I grant you but her Lois Lane in Superman Returns certainly was impressive and she’s was recently in a series that I’m looking forward to seeing no matter how depressing it probably is, an adaptation of Len Deighton’s SS-GB, and she’s got The I-Land, a web series which sounds more horror than SF forthcoming.
Harper attended a professional-development day at one of the district’s lowest-performing elementary schools. The teachers were talking about how students should attack words in a story. When a child came to a word she didn’t know, the teacher would tell her to look at the picture and guess.
The most important thing was for the child to understand the meaning of the story, not the exact words on the page. So, if a kid came to the word “horse” and said “house,” the teacher would say, that’s wrong. But, Harper recalls, “if the kid said ‘pony,’ it’d be right because pony and horse mean the same thing.”
Harper was shocked. First of all, pony and horse don’t mean the same thing. And what does a kid do when there aren’t any pictures?
This advice to a beginning reader is based on an influential theory about reading that basically says people use things like context and visual clues to read words. The theory assumes learning to read is a natural process and that with enough exposure to text, kids will figure out how words work.
Climate change, vanishing ice and erratic rain patterns are causing the wetlands in two Andean communities to shrink — and that’s a big problem for the communities of Miraflores and Canchayllo. The villagers depend on the puna, a set of alpine ecosystems above 13,000 feet that include grasslands and wetlands to graze sheep, cows, alpacas, llamas and vicunas — animals that provide them with their livelihoods.
Instead of looking for modern solutions to improve access to water, the villagers turned to an old one: centuries-old hydraulic systems that dot the Nor Yauyos Cocha Landscape Reserve, a state-protected natural area seven hours east of Lima. These ancient systems have been used to help irrigate the reserve’s pastures and provide nutrient-rich soil for hundreds of years.
So in 2013, the communities teamed up with scientists from U.S. nonprofit The Mountain Institute (TMI) and reserve authorities to devise plans to revive their historic waterways, including canals, lakes and reservoirs. In addition to providing water, the project would also help mitigate the effects of climate change on the landscape, which has been degraded by grazing, melting glaciers and erratic rainfall.
Peter, Evan and Brian work at a small technology firm based by the beach in Santa Monica, testing software and fixing bugs.
On first inspection it seems like any other Los Angeles-based company, with tasteful art on the white walls and calm-inducing diffusers dotted about.
Peter describes the working atmosphere as “quiet, but fun”, and especially likes the fact that there is no pressure to socialise, while Evan says of his employers that they are “very accommodating and understanding”. Brian describes his office as “unique”.
Auticon is one of only a handful of companies that cater exclusively for employees who are on the autistic spectrum.
Formerly known as MindSpark before being acquired by German-based Auticon, the firm was founded by Gray Benoist who, as the father of two autistic sons, saw few options in the workplace that could cater for their needs.
China is preparing to make the first attempt at landing robotic spacecraft on the Moon’s far side.
A static lander and rover are expected to be deployed to the surface in the next day, state media reports.
The vehicles are carrying a suite of instruments designed to characterise the region’s geology, as well as a biological experiment.
In recent days, the Chang’e-4 spacecraft had lowered its orbit in preparation for landing.
At the weekend, Chinese state media said the probe had entered an elliptical path around the Moon, bringing the vehicles to within 15km (9 miles) of the lunar surface at its closest point.
Authorities have not specified the exact time of the attempt to touch down in the Von Kármán crater. But a report in the state-run China Daily newspaper suggests Chang’e-4 could begin descending on its thrusters sometime from 2-3 January.
“SpaceLife Origin, based in the Netherlands, wants to send a pregnant woman, accompanied by a “trained, world-class medical team,” in a capsule to the space above Earth. The mission would last 24 to 36 hours. Once the woman delivered the child, the capsule would return to the ground. “A carefully prepared and monitored process will reduce all possible risks, similar to Western standards as they exist on Earth for both mother and child,” SpaceLife Origin’s website states. The company has set the year 2024 as the target date for the trip.
“The concept raises a host of questions—we’ll get to those later—but perhaps the most immediate may be this: Why?“
(15) JEOPARDY! Direct
from Andrew Porter’s living room, tonight’s sff reference on Jeopardy!
In Final Jeopardy, in “British Memoirs,” the answer was, “Before his death in 1996, this famous son wrote the memoirs “The Enchanted Places” & “The Hollow on the Hill”.
Wrong questions: “Who is Churchill?”, “Who is Christopher Tolkien?”
Correct question: “Who is Milne?” — Christopher Robin Milne
(16) HERTZ PENS COOLEST
VERSE. John Hertz cheered me up after reading my complaint about a cold
When the winter sun sets before 5 p.m. and you’re nursing a nasty case of the sniffles, there’s a piping-hot Korean stew that provides the perfect antidote to illness and hunger. Huge, hearty and volcanic red, kimchi jjigae can blaze the mucus out of your body better than a Neti pot.
Whatever kimchi jjigae’s origins, it lets thrifty Korean cooks use super-ripe kimchi that’s not ideal to eat on its own. With the kimchi’s intensity mellowed by pork, tofu, gochugaru (chile pepper flakes), garlic, ginger, scallions and broth, the spicy stew has become a year-round favorite. During long, harsh winters, like the kind we have here in Los Angeles, jjigae with pork has a reputation as an almost magical antidote to winter colds….
John Hertz, JJ, John King Tarpinian, Cat Eldridge, Chip Hitchcock, Mike Kennedy,
Martin Morse Wooster, Carl Slaughter, and Andrew Porter. Title credit goes to
File 770 contributing editor of the day Andrew.]
By John Hertz: (reprinted from Vanamonde 1333) It’s the
centennial year of Theodore Sturgeon.
Let us salute him.
left seven novels, one published posthumously; two hundred shorter stories,
republished in two dozen collections, then fully in The Complete Stories, thirteen volumes 1995-2010, a labor of love –
I use the word deliberately – by Paul Williams, Debbie Notkin, Noël Sturgeon,
Harlan Ellison, and a host of others.
of book reviews, for Galaxy, Venture, Twilight Zone, National
Review, The New York Times, and Hustler while Paul Krassner was editor,
are so far uncollected.
sounds above open “The Man Who Lost the Sea” (1959), title tale of Complete Stories vol. 10, whose editor
found it apparently the first science fiction chosen for The Best American Short Stories (i.e. 1960).
edited 1941-1977 by Martha Foley (1897-1977), whose magazine Story had introduced J.D. Salinger,
William Saroyan, Tennessee Williams, and in 1938 gave first prize to Richard
Wright; Best had previously
introduced Sherwood Anderson, Edna Ferber, Ernest Hemingway; Foley’s own first
story, published in the Boston Girls’ Latin School magazine, was “Jabberwock”.
Ellison story was in the 1993 Best
(“The Man Who Rowed Christopher Columbus Ashore”; the oceanic coincidence does
not seem substantive, although Robert Bloch, who like Ellison was both a fan
and a pro, said Ellison was the only living organism he knew whose natural
habitat was hot water).
wrote the foreword to Collected Stories
11, which volume includes one they co-authored (see Partners in Wonder, 1983), a Western co-authored with Don Ward, two
from mystery-fiction magazines, and one from Sports Illustrated.
1952 Sturgeon said a good science fiction story was one “built around human
beings, with a human problem, and a human solution, which would not have
happened at all without its scientific content”. That was before “The [Widget], the [Wadget],
and Boff” (1955) – which one of our finest editors, Anthony Boucher, put into
one of our finest anthologies, A Treasury
of Great Science Fiction (vol. 1, 1959).
Come to think of it –
theory science fiction and fantasy are distinct. In practice – well, I don’t want to decide
whether, say, “Seasoning” (1981), which I apparently rate higher than the
editor of Collected Stories 13, is
science fiction or fantasy, or in what sense we are to suppose the two
characters know what is happening at all.
Was Monday” (1941) must be fantasy. But
another of our finest editors, Groff Conklin, chose it to open another of our
finest anthologies, Science Fiction
Adventures in Dimension (1953). It’s
been translated into Dutch, Finnish, French, German, and Japanese, and
reprinted two dozen times. Its
protagonist, and other characters, don’t know what’s happening.
“The Skills of Xanadu” (1956), another candidate for Sturgeon’s best, the
protagonist doesn’t know what’s happening.
Everybody else knows.
title character of “The Comedian’s Children” (1958) – another candidate – is the
only one who does know what’s happening.
If the protagonist of a story is the one who changes, that may be Nobel
Prize scientist Iris Barran; she finds out.
This is a transformation story.
We transform. There is a bad
guy. If his immense talent were not
genuine, there would be no story. Is he
sympathetic? Well –
also said Science fiction is knowledge
fiction. If the best puns resonate
in each meaning, this is one of our best.
Consider the Latin root of science.
Heinlein (Collected Stories 3, p.
367; from his 1985 introduction to Godbody):
“Mark Twain said that the difference between the right word and almost the
right word was the difference between lightning and lightning bug. Sturgeon did not deal in lightning bugs.”
Asimov (v. 3, p. xi): “He had a delicacy of touch that I couldn’t duplicate if
my fingers were feathers.” Connie Willis
(vol. 12, p. ix): “he was writing about different things…. problematic, dangerous … ultimately
tragic…. in a simple …
style…. Like Fred Astaire, Theodore
Sturgeon made it look easy.”
Delany (v. 2, p. x): “The range of Sturgeon’s work is a … galaxy of …
dazzling and precise lights shining out against … ordinary rhetoric…. the single most important science fiction writer
during the years of his major output – the forties, fifties, and sixties.”
(v. 11, p. xiii): “He could squeeze your heart till your life ached.”
(The Art of Poetry, l. 143 – two
millennia ago): “His thought is not to give flame first and then smoke, but
from smoke to let light break out.”
Sturgeon became fond of Ask the next question, and used as an emblem a Q with an arrow through it. I never asked him about Ask the previous question.
Acrostic (read down the first letters of each line) in unrhymed lines of 5-7-5-7-7 syllables, something like Japanese tanka. Sheem, The Witches of Karres ch. 7 (J. Schmitz,1966); Robinson, e.g. Callahan’s Crosstime Saloon (1977); Tubby Tompkins, see Icons of the American Comic Book v. 1 p. 453 (R. Duncan & M.Smith, 2013); The Descent of Anansi (L. Niven & S. Barnes, 1982); marvel, e.g. Amazing Fantasy 15 (August 1962).
By John Hertz: Fred Patten’s sister Sherry phoned inviting me to a gathering in memory and honor of Fred on December 9th, at Big Jim’s Restaurant, in Sun Valley. I saw Nick Smith on my bus (not a Ken Kesey allusion – although, come to think of it –). Sure enough he was going to the same place.
There were two dozen of us, LASFSians (L.A. Science Fantasy Society, Fred’s local club and mine, oldest S-F club in the world) or at least all the folks I recognized. We met at two in the afternoon, so I’m not sure whether to call it lunch or supper –lupper? Isn’t that a Brazilian band?
Seated near enough to converse were Smith, Scott Beckstead, John DeChancie, His Majesty the Emperor, Lee and Barry Gold. We talked about knowledge, formalism, song, writing, activity, Vilfredo Pareto (1848-1923), verisimilitude, contribution, imagination — the things fans talk about.
I was glad to have DeChancie there because he being both a fan and a pro had a helpful perspective. I was glad to have Smith there because he being both a filker (our home-made music, named after a 1950s typing error that turned “folk music” into “filk music” and stuck) and a fanziner had a helpful perspective. I’d known Lee and her husband Barry Gold longest; both had done filking, fanzining and, as the saying goes, much much more.
At first we’d all supposed Sherry Patten was only providing the occasion and we’d each pay for ourselves. No. She made clear she was our hostess – “Come and dine, the pleasure’s mine, and I will pay the bills” (that is a Johnny Mathis allusion). This was a fine gesture on her part. She said it was in appreciation for all that the LASFS had done for Fred. At such moments one can only say thank you. All that Fred had done for the LASFS could not be measured.
She’d made a display of photographs. If there was going to be time for speeches I was ready to take my turn; Fred was a giant. But unfortunately I had another bus to catch – just as the cheesecake came in.
Sherry had been a devoted sister and had done wonders. I went to thank her. I looked at the clock and saw I’d missed my bus. DeChancie gave me a ride to the next stop in the chain.
The 2018 Rotsler Award has been given to Ken Fletcher.
The award, established in 1998 and named for the talented, prolific artist Bill Rotsler (1926-1997), is for long-time artistic achievement in amateur publications of the science fiction community. The winner receives a plaque and an honorarium of US$300.
Fletcher’s drawings have been part of Rune and many other amateur publications for decades. By 1976, when he co-founded Vootie, “the Fanzine of the Funny-Animal Liberation Front,” he had long been known particularly for anthropomorphic cartoons.
He has drawn on spirit-duplicator masters, mimeograph stencils, and in today’s digital media, sometimes with fantastic settings, or remarkable because the setting is all that is not fantastic, like his invented Spontoon Island where it always seems to be 1937.
In 1966, Fletcher co-founded the Minnesota Science Fiction Society (Minn-StF). In 1979 Fletcher and his wife Linda Lounsbury were the Down Under Fan Fund delegates. They attended the Australia national SF convention, held that year in Sydney. Upon their return they presented a slide-show at cons in North America.
Science Fiction Five-Yearly, a fanzine published on time for sixty years, carried the long-running serial !Nissassa by Nalrah Nosille (backward only in that sense), with recent chapters illustrated by Fletcher.
Some of Fletcher’s work can now be seen in a gallery at DeviantArt
The Rotsler winner is announced each year at Loscon, held during the United States Thanksgiving-holiday weekend. Loscon XLV, 23-25 November 2018 at the Los Angeles International Airport Marriott Hotel, had a display in the Art Show of work by every Rotsler winner.
Loscon is sponsored by the non-profit L.A. Science Fantasy Society, oldest SF club in the world. The Rotsler is sponsored by the non-profit Southern California Institute for Fan Interests. The current Rotsler judges are Mike Glyer, John Hertz (since 2003), and Sue Mason (since 2015).
Rotsler Award Exhibit at Loscon 45 — Photos by Kenn Bates
By John Hertz: (reprinted from Vanamonde 1327; originally published 14 Nov 18) Fred Patten (1940-2018) was a gentle giant.
In APA-L with him we saw this.
His Lzine ¡Rábanos Radiactivos! (“Radioactive radishes!”, an expletive of Profesor Mental in the Mexican comic-book Criollo, el Caballo Invencible) appeared every week over forty-three years – five years after a stroke disabled his favored side, leaving him to type with one finger of his left hand.
Not to be too one-sided, for a moment of plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose (“the more it changes, the more it’s the same thing”, attr. Jean-Baptiste Alphonse Karr [in Les Guêpes “the wasps” Jan 1849?]) you can find in RR 165 13 Dec 67 “We’ve all been crying about the dearth of good genzines in Fandom these days”.
That’s about the strongest language he used, and it was just before praising a genzine.
He did many things, and wrote about them, with quiet vigor. I said he made prosaic a word of praise.
Besides ours, he was in the great apas FAPA (Fantasy Amateur Press Ass’n), SAPS (Spectator Am. Press Society), OMPA (Off-trails Magazine Publishers Ass’n), and The Cult – The Cult?? “The thirteen nastiest bastards in fandom”?? Bruce Pelz said “Someone must have lied.”
Fred chaired Westercon XXVII (West Coast Science Fantasy Conference; 1974) and Loscon XIV (L.A. local con; 1987). He edited the L.A.Con Program Book (30th World Science Fiction Convention, 1972) – my task for L.A.con II (42nd Worldcon, 1984) – and daily newszine. He was a fine fanhistorian, e.g. in a series on Worldcon history for the MidAmericon I progress reports (34th Worldcon, 1976). He wrote up Fan Guests of Honor Bruce Pelz for Noreascon II (38th Worldcon, 1980) and Tom Digby for ConFrancisco (51st Worldcon, 1993).
His first Worldcon was Solacon (16th, 1958). He joined LASFS (L.A. S-F Soc.) in 1960. In 1963 he was a Hugo Award finalist for co-editing the clubzine Shangri L’Affaires with Al Lewis and Bjo & John Trimble [there should be, but Electronicland may not manage, a circumflex over the j – an Esperantism indicating the pronunciation “bee-joe”]. He was given the Evans-Freehafer (LASFS award for service to the club) in 1965. He was a reviewer for Locus and Science Fiction Review. He co-founded DUFF (the Down Under Fan Fund, which elected me its 2010 delegate – alas, for all Fred’s connection to Australia, though he attended South Gate in ‘58 and lived to see South Gate Again in 2010, see here, p. 20, and here, he could not attend) in 1972. He was Fan Guest of Honor at DeepSouthCon IX (1971); received a Special Committee Award at L.A.con IV (64th Worldcon) for “a lifetime of service to Fandom” and was Fan GoH at Loscon XXXIII (both 2006); received the Forry (LASFS award for service to s-f) in 2009.
At two special interests he earned particular fame: Japanese cartoons, animated, which came to be known as Japanimation and then animé, and still, which came to be known as manga (Japanese, “whimsical pictures”, in Japan meaning all kinds of cartoons, comics, animation, addressing all ages, and including comedy, commerce, history, mystery, s-f, sports; on Tokyo trains I’ve seen businessmen reading what English for lack of a better term would have to call by the same name as Criollo, comic books), and anthropomorphic-animal cartoons, which eventually gave rise to Furry Fandom. In 1977 he co-founded C/FO (the Cartoon Fantasy Organization); he was so instrumental at introducing animé to America that he was given the Inkpot (Comic-Con Int’l award) in 1980. In 2004 he published Watching Animé, Reading Manga: 25 Years of Essays and Reviews. A Dante scholar who became a top university librarian said talking with Fred about animé was like a graduate-level seminar. These special interests were an ordinary, not a dominant, part of his fanwriting.
He was never an epigrammatist, just perceptive. It was he, rooming with Art Widner and me at Westercon LIII (2000), who observed that the newest current into s-f cons came not from a barbarian invasion but a widened perimeter.
No one ever said fans were slans (A.E. Van Vogt, Slan, 1940), but we could regret carrying forward all-too-human foibles. Clamoring against exclusions we don’t hesitate to practice them. Few of the encomiums at Fred’s death have noted the breadth of his career. It’s only been two days. Perhaps we’ll do better when we catch our breath. R.I.P.
By John Hertz: (reprinted in honor of RAL’s birth month from Vanamonde 485) A.E. van Vogt called R.A. Lafferty the most original writer in s-f (Science Fiction Review 23, 1977). There’s a tribute.
Lafferty is gone now (1914-2002). He was a strange dreamer, a strong drink. He published 200 short stories and 20 novels, if that’s what they were. He won the World Fantasy Life Achievement Award (1990), and a Hugo for “Eurema’s Dam” (1972); he was nominated for three other Hugos and seven Nebulas.
His best may be Past Master (1968) and The Fall of Rome (non-fiction, 1971). Okla Hannali (1972), an Amerind novel, is celebrated. Small presses reprint him; you can get Does Anyone Else Have Something Further to Add? (short stories, 1974; repr. 2000) or many others.
He worried about men who knew everything, machines, manipulation; they made him mordant, and Gene Wolfe says he was the favorite of Joe Mayhew (Locus 496, 2002).
Damon Knight in the original-story anthology Orbit ran nineteen by Lafferty, and introduced the collection Lafferty in Orbit (1991), attracted, I fear, by satire, praising diamonds most for their hardness.
Even the title Past Master is a jest; the expression is “passed master”, i.e. one who has passed the test – “of the guild or public opinion”, W. Follett, Modern American Usage p. 312 (1966) – and earned recognition, but Sir Thomas More has been brought centuries into the future, because or in spite of his mastery. At the end, re-reading just now, I cried.
Lafferty beginning Rome starts on mosaic chips in the Empire, catches himself with Dimitte nobis rhapsodia nostra, “Forgive us our rhapsodies”, and sails away.
Knight did have another side. In the “Arcs & Secants” part of Orbit 18 (p. 249; 1976) he printed from Lafferty “the following poem about Ms. Wilhelm:
“Oh Kate has gone to writing pomes! Hi ho!
She writes them bright without the bromes,
She piles them up as tall as tomes! Hi ho! The Gollie Woll!
She routs the temper of the times, Hi ho!
She cuts the strings that worked the mimes,
It doesn’t matter if they rimes. Hi, ho! The Gollie Woll!
“This was a contribution to a round-robin letter circulated among a few Orbit writers. Mr. Lafferty later withdrew from it, alleging unparliamentary remarks and stuffiness.” R.I.P.
By John Hertz: We’ll take up three Classics of Science Fiction at Loscon XLV, one discussion each. Come to as many as you like. You’ll be welcome to join in.
We’re still with “A classic is a work that survives its own time. After the currents which might have sustained it have changed, it remains, and is seen to be worthwhile for itself.” If you have a better definition, bring it.
Each of our three is famous in a different way. Each may be more interesting now than when first published. Have you read them? Have you re-read them?
Arthur C. Clarke, Prelude to Space (1951)
Halfway between the end of World War II and the rise of Sputnik – I warned you about these puns – is this fine instance of giving the touch of reality to what had never yet been, as SF hopes to achieve. Today, knowing many things happened otherwise, we can watch the author at work.
Hal Clement, Iceworld (1953)
Interstellar traders return to a world where they’ve been operating with great difficulty. Its inhuman cold hinders everything. It seems to have intelligent life, but how could that be? The world is so cold it freezes zinc – yes, Earth: the protagonists’ world is hundreds of degrees hotter.
Walter M. Miller, Jr., A Canticle for Leibowitz (1959)
An extraordinary novel, terrifyingly grim, prodigiously imaginative, richly comic – well, that’s true. Also we’re not long on stories that well paint any mainstream religion. Here the Catholic Church is at center stage, the light relentless, but not ruthless, on Catholics and everyone else.