Samanda Jeude (1952-2022)

Samanda Jeude’s Twitter profile photo.

Samanda B Jeude, who helped create the early convention disability access services organization that became Electrical Eggs, died July 3 at the age of 69.

Jeude was predeceased by Donald (Dea) Cook, her husband of more than 30 years, in 2018.

Jeude’s account of her life and fanac was featured by Camille Bacon-Smith in Science Fiction Culture, an account that might be too grim for anyone else’s obituary, but it was part of Samanda’s oft-repeated public testimony about her time and work in fandom.

As an infant, Samanda Jeude suffered a severe case of polio that led to years of surgery and “working through the pain” to achieve her goal of independence. Jeude says:

“When I was seven … I overheard my parents talking with the doctor . . . this was in 1959 …and the doctor said, well, let’s be realistic. No man is going to want to marry her, her body is twisted, it’s distorted, it’s ugly. She will never reach thirty, she will probably be on a body board by the time she would be in high school.”

Things began looking up in college. She was reading science fiction-by the bale, she says-and fandom found her.

“[S]omebody said, why don’t you come to a con with us. OK, fine, I’ll go to a con with you. What’s to lose? This was back in the good old days when you could get in for five bucks…. I think there were fifteen of us in the room. We walked into what was Rivercon I [1975].”

…Jeude continued to attend conventions and found, to her surprise, that people remembered her, and liked her for who she was rather than feared her disabilities. And through fandom she proved that long-ago doctor wrong on all counts: Jeude married Donald Cook and moved to Atlanta, where the couple worked on the four-year process of bidding for and holding the Atlanta Worldcon of 1986.

But her physical condition had begun to deteriorate. In 1984, at a symposium of doctors treating polio survivors, she discovered that her condition was not unique, and even had a name: post-polio syndrome. Still, Jeude refused to let her disability stop her:

“I got thrown into a [motorized) three-wheeler. And three weeks later we went to Rivercon… and everybody who saw me said, ‘Oh, we are glad to see you, you look great.’ A couple of total strangers came up to me and said, ‘Gee, you are as gorgeous as everybody told me.’ Total bullshit. And it suddenly began to sink in on me that this was a good thing. I wouldn’t be able to walk at conventions anymore, but l could go to them again…

“And about that time l met Esther Breslau. And Esther is also a polio survivor, but at this point she doesn’t have the syndrome. And we both were really ticked off that Baltimore [Constellation, the 1983 Worldcon] was trying their best and it was impossible to get around. So we started thinking about it [services for the handicapped at conventions] in ’84…. In ’85 …we did up some guidelines and Esther tried out the guidelines at Chilicon, which was the NASFIC. [LoneStarCon ]… We tested it at Confederation [Worldcon 1986]… and they gave us money to start up Electrical Eggs. And the name came because I was trying to tell somebody about my new electric legs, and I had the hiccups. Don said, ‘Great.’ Eggs are one of the strongest structures in nature, and yet it is very fragile. Perfect name for the organization.”

Jeude’s article “They Only Handicap The Best Horses” for the 1986 Worldcon program book (page 79) sought to make disabled fans visible and gave extensive recommendations for interacting with them at the con. Ahead of the convention they distributed a “Handicapped Access Form” in a progress report, canvassing members about any support they might need. (Bear in mind this is pioneering work using terminology of 40 years ago.)

The charter for Electrical Eggs so named was drawn up in 1986. The original user’s handbook written in 1985 was revised and improved in 1989. An Electrical Eggs UK group was established in 1995 and launched at Intersection, the Worldcon in Glasgow. Special art and logos were designed for Electrical Eggs by Jack Meacham and Frank Kelly Freas.

Camille Bacon-Smith ends her passage about Electrical Eggs with this valedictory:

As Jeude explained:

“A long time ago, when I was writing, I told Gordy Dickson I wanted to pay him back for all the enjoyment I’d had from his books, and Gordy’s response was, ‘Never pay back in fandom, pay forward. Don’t thank me, thank the people who are going to come into your life you’re going to like …’ So I figured, Egg was my way of paying forward.”

In the process of paying forward, a woman whose Life doctors wrote off when she was seven has achieved status and prestige in her science fiction community. In doing so, she has made life better for that community.

Samanda Jeude at DeepSouthCon 50

Apart from the disgraceful way some sought to belittle Jeude during her unsuccessful TAFF candidacy in 1995, she was revered by most other fans. She was guest of honor at Rivercon XVIII (1988), Chattacon XVII (1992), and Balticon 31 (1997). She won Southern fandom’s Rebel Award in 1991 and was presented the Georgia Fandom Award at Dragon Con in 1994. She received the Big Heart Award, our highest service award, at the 1992 Worldcon.

8 thoughts on “Samanda Jeude (1952-2022)

  1. I can say, without an ounce of equivocation, that Samanda Juede is not only one of the greatest sf fans that I ever had the pleasure of knowing, but one of the finest human beings I will ever know..

    I mourn passing but I have no doubt that she has finally reunited with her beloved, the late Donald Cook.

    Ad Astra to them both…

  2. I remember that Big Heart Award. There was no ramp onto the stage (unfortunately usual then), so they intended to bring the award to her. However, she wanted to receive it on-stage, so she got out of her scooter and climbed, with difficulty, up the stairs to the stage. I hate to think how exhausting that must have been for her, but she was determined.

    I hope she’s with her beloved Dea now.

  3. Knowing her personally and being able to administer care to her was truly life changing. A true friend indeed. Rest in peace, Sam.

  4. DeepSouthCon 29 was a convention held June 7-9, 1991 in conjunction with Concat III in Knoxville, TN. It was chaired by Chloie Airoldi and Mandy Pack. GoH: Charles Grant, Artist GoH: Doug Chaffee, Fan GoH: Ken Moore, Special Guests: Mercedes Lackey and Larry Dixon. The Toastmaster was Andrew J. Offutt.

    Samanda b Jeude won the Rebel Award and Charles Grant won the Phoenix Award. The Rubble Award went to Ken Moore “for having the ugliest knees in fandom.”

  5. She was a year younger than me, and had joined fandom just a year before I did. I didn’t know her, but I saw her around, and admired her tremendously. She seemed to be always smiling and laughing, and surrounded by friends. She reminded me of my best friend in high school, who was also a polio survivor–which apparently inspired no end of small-minded people to belittle her. I wanted to go up to her and introduce myself, but strange as it may sound (even to me!) I was shy back then. Wish I had.

  6. I remember Samanda. Upbeat, energetic little redhead, very passionate about improving conditions for handicapped fans. I think it was the 1978 RiverCon where she was part of an
    hilarious masquerade entry, “Slave Boys of Gor.” The last time I can recall talking to her was at the 1991 New Orleans Science Fiction / Fantasy Convention. I was friends with another fan from Louisville, Mary Lou Lacefield, who was legally blind and put out a ‘zine on tape cassettes. I believe it was called Sci-Fi See, designed for visually impaired fen. She was sometimes at odds with Samanda over access issues, but both were working to improve them.

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