Lou Scheimer, co-founder and president of Filmation Associates, has passed away at the age of 84.
Filmation produced animated and live-action programming from 1963 to 1989, including the Emmy-winning Star Trek: The Animated Series, which featured most of the original cast and included scripts by well-known sf writers.
Scheimer studied art at Carnegie Tech in Pittsburgh after the end of World War II – in fact, he used to walk to school with Andy Warhol.
In a 1979 interview conducted by his daughter he waxed nostalgic about early TV animation and its appeal to him as an artist —
I remember, in the early 1950’s, starting to see some animated films that were so unique, so daring, and so unlike anything that anyone had ever done, that I became intrigued with animation. The studio called UPA, which no longer really exists, was just beginning then. They did the “Gerald McBoing Boing” things, the “Magoo” stuff and the Thurber films. Each one of those was like a little moving painting and when you saw those, they were just marvelous. You said to yourself, “Wow, look at what people are doing out there. They are making art move!” These were all classical animation, I mean, they were not stop motion. This was people drawing paintings. They did wonderful graphic things.
— Which is rather ironic when you consider the cost-cutting animation techniques Filmation became known for.
But it’s not as if in the beginning Filmation had any choice. The studio had two employees, Scheimer and Hal Sutherland, and put a mannequin out in front as a secretary because they couldn’t afford anything else.
They were rescued when Fred Silverman, then a newcomer at CBS, asked DC Comics for a Superman animated show to air on Saturday mornings. Norm Prescott, who would join the business, helped them get the work. A prerequisite was to give a DC Comics rep a tour of their studio. Which basically didn’t exist. Scheimer stalled for two days while he packed the studio for the visit.
So I called the guy; his name was Whitney Elsworth. It was like a Friday or a Monday. I said, “I’m sorry Mr. Elsworth, but we really don’t have visitors here during the working day. It’s just too difficult. People can’t concentrate. If you could come next Wednesday lunch, we’ll show you through the studio and show you what we are doing.” So I had like two days. I called everybody I knew. I called Ted Knight. I got him to come down. I called Kim Wong, an assistant animator I knew. I called a guy who had a fan mail service named Jack Mock. I called a couple of animators from Hanna Barbera who could only come down at lunchtime. I called a guy across the street whose name was Harold Alpert who was an accountant. Thank God he did not show up because it turned out that Whitney Elsworth knew him. If he had seen Alpert sitting there pretending to be an animator that would have blown the whole thing.
Elsworth walked in, and I had the place packed. Don Peters was in there pretending to paint backgrounds. We had passed out scenes from “Oz” to all the people. We borrowed a moviola to make it look like we really had an editorial department. I had done this once before when we tried to get a “Lone Ranger” to do, so I had experience in packing the studio. This was the second run through. I told the damned Ted Knight not to say anything because he had a tendency to overact. I said to him, “The guy knows something about our business. If he asks you any questions, just tell him, ‘I’m sorry I can’t talk to you right now, there’s some trouble at the lab.’ Just pretend you’re on the phone or something.”
Well, Elsworth comes in and the studio is humming. We even had the mannequin out there, but the mannequin looked O.K. We had like twenty people in there. Everybody was furiously at work, but it was twelve o’clock. Half of the guyshad to take off soon to get back to work. We showed Elsworth some of the stuff from “Oz.” We were sitting in our little office that Hal and I had, well it was really a pretty big office, discussing things. There was a knock on the door. It was George Rowley, and I knew that George had to get back to Hanna Barbera. George opens up the door and comes in. He said, “Lou, I got this tooth ache. Do you mind if I take off and go to the dentist?” I said it was O.K. So George left. I turn around to Hal and said, “Make sure you dock that son of a bitch!” Then all of a sudden we hear, “There’s trouble at the lab, trouble at the lab, tro…” in twenty different voices. Ted Knight is running around pretending he’s a lot of different guys, yelling that there’s trouble at the lab. Elsworth said, “What the hell is going on. You guys must have an awful lot of work for there to be that many guys involved with trouble at the lab.”
Whitney left. He called back to New York and said, “It’s a little studio, but they seem to run a pretty tight ship down there.” So this guy who’s running DC Comics, Jack Libowitz, trusted us without a completion bond or anything. He gave us the job to do. It was our first network show.
Three years later, in 1968, Filmation enjoyed its greatest success, a cartoon series based on the comic strip Archie, with musical segments produced by Don Kirshner. The crowning glory of the show was The Archies’ musical hit “Sugar, Sugar,” the second-highest selling record of the 1960s, its sales surpassed only by the Beatles.
Nevertheless, Scheimer said the most satisfying series he ever worked on was Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, where subject material was approved by a panel of educators, child psychologists, sociologists, and anthropologists, who also met with the scriptwriters, all working together.
Filmation made live-action shows, too — Space Academy, its spin-off Jason of Star Command, Ark II, Shazam!, The Ghost Busters, and The Secrets of Isis.
See Comic Book Resoures’ Greg Hatcher’s heavily-illustrated tribute here.
Lou Scheimer was an inextricable part of most of our American youths–
Particularly in my case, because I wrote what was probably the first overall history of Filmation for the industry trade journal, MILLIMETER back in the late 1970s!
(I had first met Lou and his partner Norm Presscott, when writing the first history of fantasy and science fiction animation on American TV, for FANTASTIC FILMS magazine, and would cover their adaptation of Alex Raymond’s FLASH GORDON, and other projects, for STARLOG. I’ve been a bit saddened in recent years to discover that for whatever reason, the other animation historians of those days, actually ignore those features’ existence when constructing their modern bibliographies.)
I only mention all this, because its neat to know how PLEASANT A GUY Lou Scheimer was! Norm was also terrific to me.
It was amazing. when walking into their office in Reseda to see these heads of a studio that were suplying HOURS every week to the networks, SHARED an office.
I never knew if this was for show, but the first time I was at Filmation, Norm got Harlan Ellison on the phone, trying to convince him to watch SPACE ACADEMY.
“I know you don’t write for episodic TV, anymore, Harlan, but…”
Soon before, or thereafter, Ellison began writing a feature for Filmation, SEVEN WORLDS, SEVEN WARRIORS, described to me as a science fiction take on THE SEVEN SAMURAI concept…
(Although it’s remained unproduced, “The Magnificent Seven” In space idea was visited by others…)
Scheimer was incredibly proud that for years he kept Filmation an entirely American-based animation studio, employing and TRAINING a legion of animators, as other animation studios were busy shipping their work to studios overseas.
And it should probably also be reminded how major a part of many kids’ lives HE-MAN was, for the next generation of the studios’ audience.
It’s early in the morning, and I ramble, but it’s fun to note that Scheimer really was the nice guy he seems to be, on all those terrific Filmation documentaries that have appeared with their series’ DVD releases, over the last sevetal years.
James H. Burns
Here’s Variety’s Scheimer obit.
I guess it depends on age. For me, the Ruby-Spears/Lou Scheimer era of animation was a low point, when cartoons were little more than extended ads for cheesy toys such as He-Man action figures. I had long ago technically grown out of Saturday morning cartoons, but — more important — by the 1970s I actually lost interest. It would be more than a decade before I rediscovered television animation. I have most of the Star Trek cartoons videotaped. To be honest, the animation was inferior. With one or two exceptions, most of the stories seemed rather lame to me as well. The series was “introduced” at Torcon as I recall. I remember being in the audience at the Royal York Hotel while some suit talked about building up stock footage and the superb acting abilities of Larry Storch, then the lights went down and the screen lit up. Thirty minutes later it was over. The audience was very divided, but most of the people I talked to seemed skeptical. Maybe it would get better, but wait and see… Filmation never did build up their stock footage: there was only one season. The show rarely turned up in reruns, either. Was it a bold experiment that succumbed to odds stacked against it, or was it a lacklustre effort that was never a good idea to begin with? I imagine opinion is still divided.