Pixel Scroll 12/14/17 Don’t Crush That Scroll, Hand Me The Pixels

(1) THE CLOCK IS DRIPPING. Mary Anne Mohanraj reminds everyone today’s the last day for becoming a founding sponsor of the Speculative Literature Foundation on Drip. Minimum is a buck a month.

The Speculative Literature Foundation encourages promising new writers, assists established writers, supports magazines and presses, and develops a greater public appreciation of speculative fiction.

(2) ANNUAL ASIMOV DEBATE. You have until December 15 at 5 p.m. Eastern to enter the lottery for the right to purchase tickets to the 2018 Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate. It takes place at the Hayden Planetarium in New York on Tuesday, February 13, beginning at 7 p.m.

Each year, the Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate brings the finest minds in the world to the Museum to debate pressing questions on the frontier of scientific discovery. Join host and moderator Neil deGrasse Tyson, the Frederick P. Rose Director of the Hayden Planetarium, for the 2018 Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate on Tuesday, February 13, 2018.

There is no purchase necessary, and no cost to enter the lottery. The lottery is randomized, and the order of entry has no effect on your chances of winning. …A full description of terms and conditions can be found here.

(3) NICOTINE OVERDOSE ON MARS. James Davis Nicoll turned the crew loose on Piper’s classic “Omnilingual” at Young People Read Old SFF. They took no prisoners!

H. Beam Piper’s career was cut short when, believing himself a failure and his career effectively over, he shot himself1. One of John W. Campbell’s stable of writers, he stands out as one of the few in that crowd willing to give women agency, even if he did not often feature one as a protagonist. Omnilingual is one of the few Piper stories with a woman lead, something I hope will distract from Piper’s stylistic quirks—the cocktail parties, the endless smoking—that tie the story’s creation to the early sixties. Presumably the people who suggested it had similar hopes. But what did my Young People think?

(4) CANADA’S ILLEGAL ALIENS. Echo Ishii’s series about old genre TV shows continues with “SF Obscure: First Wave”.

First Wave was a Canadian action/Adventure SF series that ran from 1998-2001. It ran for three seasons on the Space Channel in Canada. Yay Canada!

The plot centers around Cade Foster who’s framed for his wife’s murder and is on the run to uncover a vast alien conspiracy. From what I gathered-it took a bit to put the pieces together-the aliens kidnapped him and made him part of an experiment to test emotions or responses or something. Anyway, Foster doesn’t become their pawn and goes on the run. He is helped along by Eddie, a guy who ran a paranormal magazine and does all the computer nerd stuff. They are later joined in their quest to stop the aliens by an alien assassin turned ally named Joshua.

(5) HISTORIC ROCKET. Lookie what appears in “To Boldly Go,” the 11th and final episode of webseries Star Trek Continues (screenshot from around 44:00m) —

JJ explains:

It’s the Hugo for Best Dramatic Presentation won by “The Menagerie” (it’s the lucite rocket used in 1967, see screenshot). Rod Roddenberry was a big supporter of this webseries and was an extra in one of the episodes; I’m guessing that he lent it to the show as an Easter egg for fans.

As far as a prop, it’s a rocket and that’s the desk of an Admiral in a space force. I’m sure that lots of people at NASA have / had rocket and spaceship-related trinkets on their desks, too. And if you start at 44:00 and play forward, Robert Sawyer’s model display of all the starships Enterprise also appears in the Admiral’s office. (Sawyer co-wrote some of the ST:C episodes, including this one, and also appears as an extra.)

(6) THE TYPO FROM HELL. Adweek makes sure you don’t miss out when “Anomaly Goes to Hell This Holiday With Diabolical ‘Dear Satan’ Film Narrated by Patrick Stewart”. Video at the link.

Satan—the original Heat Miser!—reduces Santa Claus to a pile of ash, but ultimately saves Christmas, sort of, in this fiendishly farcical animated holiday film from Anomaly London.

The heavenly voiced Patrick Stewart narrates “Dear Satan,” portraying various characters with impressive wit and charm. Dude’s on fire throughout, basically.

… The new six-minute film begins with a little girl named Hope mistakenly asking Satan, rather than Santa, for a puppy at Christmastime. (She makes an unfortunate typo in her letter, and on the envelope, you see.) Naturally, her note goes straight to hell. And if you’re thinking the plot takes an infernal turn at that point, you’re getting warmer. Much warmer.

(7) OSCAR-WORTHY SHORTS. The Hollywood Reporter offers “Oscars: Breaking Down the 10 Animated Short Contenders”. Very little explicit sff content, however, there is a fannish tendency to think all animation is fantasy so that may not be a problem.

Revolting Rhymes

In celebration of what would be the 100th birthday of author Roald Dahl, Jakob Schuh and Jan Lachauer adapted his poetry collection based on classic fairy tales. Dominic West, Rose Leslie and Gemma Chan lend their voices to the likes of the Big Bad Wolf and Snow White.

(8) FEELING BETTER. Mike Kennedy recommends a video at Gizmodo, “An Undead Outbreak Summons a Stealth, Ruthless Response in Chilling Short The Plague.

It’s an otherwise quiet night when a woman hears a noise—and discovers her elderly father has wandered from his nursing home for an unannounced visit. Things then take a turn for the decidedly insane in Guillermo Carbonell’s short The Plague. Zombies are involved… but not how you’d expect.

(9) DON’T SAY HE CAN’TERBURY. The artist known as Chaucer hath some lofty ambitions:

(10) WEHRLE OBIT. Fan, artist, writer Joe Wehrle, Jr. died December 10. The Larque Press Blog has numerous examples of his work:

Joe Wehrle, Jr. is a writer and artist. His stories and artwork have appeared in the Cauliflower Catnip Pearls of Peril, Menomonee Falls Gazette, 1971 Clarion Anthology, Vampirella, Two-Gun Raconteur, Worlds of If, Galaxy and many other publications.

The family obituary is here:

Joseph J. Wehrle, Jr., 76, Punxsutawney, died Sunday, Dec. 10, 2017, at Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh. Joseph was a self-employed artist working for The Digest Enthusiast. He was an illustrator, cartoonist and writer.  He enjoyed collecting comic books, original comic art and science fiction and fantasy genre books. Joseph loved jazz and blues music and loved playing the guitar and saxophone. He also loved his cat, Khufu. He is survived by a daughter, Jillian Rouse and husband Jim of Punxsutawney. Services will be private for family and are under the direction of the Deeley Funeral Home, Punxsutawney.

(11) TODAY IN HISTORY

  • December 14, 1984 Dune premiered.
  • December 14, 1984 Starman opened in theaters.
  • December 14, 1990 – Marvel’s Captain America (but not the movie you’re thinking of) was released in the UK. This iteration didn’t make it to the U.S. for two years, then went direct-to-video.
  • December 14, 2007 — Another film adaptation of version of Richard Matheson’s I Am Legend was released. Matheson famously wondered why studios kept optioning his novel because they never once made a movie that followed the book.

(12) TIME CAPSULE. It’s not easy for humorists to keep ahead of reality.

(13) MOUSE EATS FOX. The Verge tries to figure out “What does Disney’s acquisition of Fox mean for the MCU?”

Disney has acquired 21st Century Fox’s film and TV studios in a landmark $52 billion deal. This means that the door is open for Disney to incorporate the Marvel properties previously controlled by Fox — including X-Men, Fantastic Four, and Deadpool — into its Marvel Cinematic Universe.

In its statement, Disney says the agreement will allow it to reunite these characters “with the Marvel family under one roof and create richer, more complex worlds of inter-related characters and stories that audiences have shown they love.” Marvel is already planning to overhaul the MCU after the studio’s “Phase Three” arc. That will finish with a fourth and supposed final Avengers film in 2019, which will end the Infinity War story. “There will be two distinct periods. Everything before Avengers 4 and everything after,” Kevin Feige, the president of Marvel Studios, has previously said.

(14) CHEAPER BY THE HUNDRED. Here’s a diagram showing who owns what Marvel characters after the Disney/Fox merger.

(15) BLUNDER DOWN UNDER. Michael J. Walsh gifted Filers with this link to the recipe for Vegemite Icy Poles, a sweet treat that violates the Geneva Convention. The instructions begin –

COMBINE in a saucepan the sugar, cocoa, honey, VEGEMITE, corn flour and milk.

(16) SURVIVOR. The BBC profiles the plesiosaur: “Sea reptile fossil gives clues to life in ancient oceans”.

A new fossil is shedding light on the murky past of the sea reptiles that swam at the time of the dinosaurs.

With tiny heads on long necks and four pointed flippers, plesiosaurs have been likened to Scotland’s mythical Loch Ness monster.

The German discovery proves that these sea creatures were alive more than 200 million years ago during the Triassic.

The fossilised bones give clues to how the animal survived a mass extinction that wiped out most living things….

By being warm-blooded, plesiosaurs were able to roam the open seas in late Triassic times.

”Warm-bloodedness probably was the key to both their long reign and their survival of a major crisis in the history of life, the extinction events at the end of the Triassic,” said Prof Sander.

Plesiosaurs were not as hard hit by the extinction as shallow water and coastal animals. Their fossils have been found all over the world in Cretaceous and Jurassic rocks.

(17) ACCIDENTAL FANFIC. People are loving it — “Harry Potter gets a weird new chapter from a computer”.

Harry Potter and the Portrait of What Looked Like a Large Pile of Ash is a new story created by a predictive keyboard.

“He saw Harry and immediately began to eat Hermione’s family,” runs one line from the ridiculous – and funny – tale.

It was created by the team at Botnik, who fed all seven books through their computer programme.

(18) ROBOCRIMINAL. Jackie Chan fights somebody who looks vaguely like the lovechild of Voldemort and the Terminator in this Bleeding Steel trailer.

[Thanks to Dave Doering, Daniel Dern, JJ, John King Tarpinian, Cat Eldridge, Chip Hitchcock, Carl Slaughter, Martin Morse Wooster, Mike Kennedy, Michael J. Walsh, and Andrew Porter for some of these stories. Title credit goes to File 770 contributing editor of the day Xtifr.]

48 thoughts on “Pixel Scroll 12/14/17 Don’t Crush That Scroll, Hand Me The Pixels

  1. Still sort of functioning, even though I had to leave my service dog with her groomer for what seemed entirely too long to me and it’s not even a little bit that I need her to keep from getting hysterical. And then, since it seemed like a totally practical, time-saving decision, I went to the grocery store while she was at the groomer’s…

    But, hey, retrieved my dog and arrived home in one piece, so it’s all cool, right?

    Just finished Penric’s Fox. Enjoyed it.

  2. 3
    The millennials probably have a hard time with the smoking because they’ve never seen anything like the smoking levels that existed in the 50s and 60s. Back then, it was so very much more common – and there were the ads in magazines and newspapers, and on TV, with claims about which brands doctors prefer.

  3. The college drama department I used to hang around with did a production of “Women of Trachis” that they set in the 60s. I went, and it was mostly good, but the fact nobody was smoking really took me out of the milieu they were going for.

  4. 15)
    Now, now, I know of some Australians who might like this.

    As I mentioned in my DUFF report (Still available for a $7 donation at my website), in Canberra, Kaaron Warren gave me Vegemite on buttered toast. No, she was not angry with me, we had met and gotten along quite well when I was at Lexicon, and making a brief stop to see her while I was in Canberra was part of the plan.

    While I didn’t like the Vegemite, I felt I had to *try* it…

  5. @3: “take no prisoners” is a bit strong; two of six liked the story, and another two were meh. IIRC that’s not bad for this crowd given a work this old.

    @17: “Gosseyn moved, but around the door”. From The World of Null-Apples, by A. Ray van Vogtbury, as extracted by Damon Knight in “A Brief Introduction to Logogenetics” (cbka “On the Mating of Books”). Reprinted in The Worm Returns: The Best from the Worm Runner’s Digest (aka the book in which it is proven that Alexander the Great did not exist and he had an infinite number of limbs). Don’t ask me how Knight fetched up with that crew.

    edit: fifth!

  6. “Matheson famously wondered why studios kept optioning his novel because they never once made a movie that followed the book.”

    It’s Hollywood. If Dumas had been around to see all the “Man in the Iron Mask” movies he’d have wondered the same thing.

  7. The trick if you are new to Vegemite or Marmite is fresh bread, lots of butter and only a small amount of the spread.

    Even better with fresh bread, lots of butter and no Vegemite or Marmite at all.

  8. Kurt Busiek on December 14, 2017 at 9:56 pm said:
    The trick if you are new to Vegemite or Marmite is fresh bread, lots of butter and only a small amount of the spread.

    Even better with fresh bread, lots of butter and no Vegemite or Marmite at all.

    +1

  9. @PJ Evans: 3) I know, right? This is of course why in the dark ages of the mid twentieth century the average lifespan was 35. It’s no wonder women all got married around age 14.

    At least that’s how my Baby Boomer relatives described it.

    Seriously, much as I’ve liked Piper’s longer works, I do have to agree about the pacing of Omnilingual; I had trouble getting through it myself.And my reading it after the time it was supposedly set didn’t help.

    it’s interesting that the happy hour in Little Fuzzy doesn’t seem out of place, though now it exists more as a special for bars than a general gathering time. The ordering of a pitcher or martinis threw me right out.

  10. Kurt Busiek on December 14, 2017 at 9:56 pm said:

    The trick if you are new to Vegemite or Marmite is fresh bread, lots of butter and only a small amount of the spread.

    Even better with fresh bread, lots of butter and no Vegemite or Marmite at all.

    Well all we have is rabbit stew anyway.

  11. (4) CANADA’S ILLEGAL ALIENS. Yeah, “First Wave”! One of those shows where I wondered if I was the only one who watched it. Hmm, this blogger’s covering some of those “shows Kendall watched but no one else did and they were cancelled and Kendall was sad about it.” 😉 Like “The Visitor” (whose IMDB page has a seriously weird and chopped photo) – another show I wondered if anyone else watched!

    If he’d blogged about “Prey,” then I’d really know he got me, though. IMDB has a horrible promo photo for it, but it was a great show. Cancelled way too soon, with an annoying cliffhanger. Unlike most people, the first time I saw Debra Messing was in this SF drama. When “Will & Grace” came out, I was like, “Wut she can’t do comedy she’s a drama person.” 😉 Then someone told me about “Ned and Stacey” and I was like “oh well okay then.”

    #Rambling #NeedSleep

    (6) THE TYPO FROM HELL. This was great!

  12. (1) Well, that’s what you get for purchasing a clock from Salvador Dali.

    (14) I would almost welcome Disney eating up Universal as well if it meant getting She-Hulk into the MCU.

    (15) I don’t understand how so much of the world gets by without Vegemite (how do you all cope with hangovers?!) but combining it with sugar is an abomination unto the Maker.

  13. Anne Goldsmith: how do you all cope with hangovers?!

    Oh, so that’s the trick: eat Vegemite, and the pain of your hangover will seem trivial by comparison. 😉

  14. I’ve eaten vegemite on rare occasions when marmite was unavailable. It’s OK, and I have no objections if Australians want to eat it. I recently learned, though, that New Zealanders who claim to eat Marmite are actually consuming something different than the real stuff. Heretics are worse than pagans.

  15. #3: I commented on the site,
    Jaime’s idea of “the Star Trek theory of sentient race evolution” is actually because in a weekly TV show it’s far easier to slap a bunch of makeup on someone to make them alien than create an actual alien which has to have a person inside it to operate it. Also, Star Trek was a 1960s TV show; this story was from the 1940s.

    There’s also a tremendous amount of smoking in all of Piper’s fiction. In light of what we learned later, this makes the stories even more dated, sigh.

  16. 3) I remember reviewing, way back in 1990, Clarke’s The Ghost of the Grand Banks, in which two characters have gotten rich from their invention of a process for automatically erasing smoking from old movies. At the time I thought it was a goof.

    My reaction to the Young People Read Old SFF project may be colored by decades of observing Young People Read Literature-in-General, first as a college English teacher and then over the shoulder of my wife, who is still in the biz. So while I have a no-longer-urgent interest in how YPROSFF, I find it more useful to observe how really sharp and informed readers read it–Jo Walton, for example. Her 2012 Tor.com re-reading column on “Omnilingual” is both historically and SF-theoretically “situated”–though her nomination of it as “everyone’s one classic SF story . . . because it has nothing to be ashamed of or make allowances for” is brought into question by the Young People’s jury.

    BTW, The comment thread of Walton’s post includes some reactions to the smoking/drinking. But then, read some Ken MacLeod.

  17. @Kurt Busiek, re Vegemite: A Bowl of Red cites the chili recipe of a Texas governor; it amounts to “simmer a pot of chili on the back burner; cook and eat a steak while ignoring the chili.” IIRC it doesn’t say who this was, but does suggest he didn’t get reelected.

    I remember seeing “vegemite” (not sure of its authenticity) in the same kind of foil-covered tiny plastic tubs that butter and jam come in at cheaper restaurants, when I was in Oz in 1985; I don’t remember having the nerve to try it, which shames me now — I could at least have gotten a tiny shaving off the serving.

  18. Nickp on December 15, 2017 at 5:55 am said:

    I’ve eaten vegemite on rare occasions when marmite was unavailable. It’s OK, and I have no objections if Australians want to eat it. I recently learned, though, that New Zealanders who claim to eat Marmite are actually consuming something different than the real stuff. Heretics are worse than pagans

    Yeah, somebody other than Marmite owns the brand name ‘Marmite’ in NZ/Au and the stuff is not Marmite but a Vegemite clone. You can get actual Marmite in Australia in the distinctive jar but the label avoids saying Marmite.

    Don’t ask me about Weetabix.

  19. Chili! One day in 1982 or so, my art teacher at Georgia Southern College was out for a day and the chairman came in and substituted for him, which meant he dictated to us his recipe for ‘Double Burner Chili.’ I was the sucker who asked why it was called that, imagining a stove top somehow. “Well,” he said, “It burns on the way in…”

    There was a chili cook-off when I worked at University of Houston, and I was called upon to draw a dead rat and a dead cockroach for the brand. The roach was so-so, but the rat was actually inspired, and I used the drawing again later to make a fake business card and letterhead for the vice-chairman, Ugly Billy. He insisted people use this name, and he quite liked the graphics. (One day, I was word processing away when he came to my desk and demanded, “Gimme a piece of chalk.” I had let it be known that I kept a box of it for worthy teachers in need. So, I pulled out a fresh stick and held it up. He looked at it critically and then demanded, “Gimme two pieces!” So I deftly snapped it in two and held out both pieces, which he accepted without another word and hurried off.)

  20. JJ on December 15, 2017 at 2:34 am said:

    Oh, so that’s the trick: eat Vegemite, and the pain of your hangover will seem trivial by comparison.

    I believe it was Terry Pratchett who once wrote, “Eat a live toad for breakfast and nothing worse will happen to you all day.”

  21. Meredith Moment: Has anyone mentioned that Indra Das’ The Devourers is currently $1.99 on Amazon?

  22. “I believe it was Terry Pratchett who once wrote, “Eat a live toad for breakfast and nothing worse will happen to you all day.””

    DU VÅGAR INTE ÄTA EN GRODA!

    (sorry, my nerdy swedish side couldn’t ignore that. It might be hard for you to see, but the guy on the left is Kissinger and the guy on the right is Sadat. They are daring each other to eat frogs)

  23. 2: What’d you say? Isaac Asimov is dating Hayden Panettiere? (Adjusts ear-cone.)

    I remember reviewing, way back in 1990, Clarke’s The Ghost of the Grand Banks, in which two characters have gotten rich from their invention of a process for automatically erasing smoking from old movies..

    Never read The Ghost From the Grand Banks (though I remember browsing the MMPB at K-Mart, back in the day) but I do remember similar elements from Remake by Connie Willis.

  24. Acoustic Rob on December 15, 2017 at 12:52 pm said:

    I believe it was Terry Pratchett who once wrote, “Eat a live toad for breakfast and nothing worse will happen to you all day.”

    Hmm, that quote is more commonly attributed to Mark Twain, but it seems to be a bit older than that. (Although it certainly wouldn’t surprise me if Pratchett had quoted it at some point along the line.)

    In any case, I can’t help but think that it’s a bit insulting to poor innocent toads to go comparing them to something as repulsive as vegemite or marmite. 😀

  25. I actually like Marmite, thin spread with butter on rye toast. Never have encountered Vegemite.

  26. The British Market in Hampton, VA, used to sometimes manage to get marmite-flavoured Walker’s Crisps in. I regarded them as a special treat—all the more special in that nobody’s been able to get them in stock in the ensuing decade or so. (Like Jira Mame — Jolly Beans — that the Asian Market in Newport News used to have.)

  27. Xtifr on December 15, 2017 at 5:40 pm said:

    Hmm, that quote is more commonly attributed to Mark Twain, but it seems to be a bit older than that. (Although it certainly wouldn’t surprise me if Pratchett had quoted it at some point along the line.)

    It’s entirely possible that I first encountered the quote on the alt.fan.pratchett usenet board (back when dinosaurs roamed the earth and usenet was where all the cool people hung out) and I just mis-attributed it to Terry himself.

  28. Meredith Moment in the USA:

    Katharine Kerr’s Daggerspell (Deverry #1) is $1.99 from Spectra/Random House (uses DRM). The rest of the ebooks aren’t this cheap – they want to hook you in, of course. I’ve never read her books, but a IIRC, Joe Sherry (a reviewer I respect/follow) recommends this series. I’m guessing plenty of people here have read them, but if not . . . FYI!

  29. @Acoustic Rob: the quote is also out of date; M. Chamfort was probably too delicate for the observation I heard at least 40 years ago that one can face a worse event, namely regurgitating the amphibian.

  30. The version I like to quote is “If you eat a live frog first thing in the morning nothing worse can happen to either of you for the rest of the day”, as it acknowledges that the frog has a stake in this also.

  31. Soon Lee on December 16, 2017 at 1:12 pm said:

    @Camestros,

    Allow me to introduce you to the Weetabix/Weetbix kerfuffle in New Zealand.

    No! You got me started! I distinctly said DON’T get me started! 🙂

    So,
    Weet-Bix has that classic religion meets good diet story akin to Kellogs etc. The difference is that the underlying company is still owned by the Seventh Day Adventist Church. As a consequence, they enjoy a variety of tax exemptions in Australia & NZ

    Weetabix was an offshoot of Weet-Bix that arose from a splinter company in South Africa and then to the UK. Unlike Weet-Bix, the underlying company is completely secular.

    Now on a purely non-theological or corporate-taxation basis, if you let either a Weet-Bix or a Weetabix sit in the milk for long enough, I’d contend there is no aesthetic difference. However, in that culinary cusp where either bix has absorbed just enough milk to be edible but not enough to decompose into a wheaty impression of porridge, the Weetabix is far superior in taste, composition and also shape (the Weet-Bix is a dull rectangle whereas the Weetabix has rounded ends).

    Of course, as you point out, such side-by-side comparisons are difficult due to the theocratic control in the antipodes of the lucrative wheat-based bix market. What are they hiding? Exactly! As a radical leftwing atheist I trim the corners off my Weetbix as an act of rebellion.

  32. Camestros Felapton: Exactly! As a radical leftwing atheist I trim the corners off my Weetbix as an act of rebellion.

    Ladies and gentlemen, come back tomorrow when Camestros explains, “Sometimes a cigar is just a penis.”

  33. Mike Glyer on December 16, 2017 at 2:41 pm said:

    Camestros Felapton: Exactly! As a radical leftwing atheist I trim the corners off my Weetbix as an act of rebellion.

    Ladies and gentlemen, come back tomorrow when Camestros explains, “Sometimes a cigar is just a penis.”

    On that VERY topic, I was trying to make a GIF of five dancing lightsabres that would form VIII for a post about The Last Jedi. Now, because the rounded cylinder shapes that form the light bit of the light sabre have a glowing sort of effect, it wasn’t possible to get a good sense of the final effect until the program had finished rendering the animation.

    The punchline is that they looked far too much like glowing dancing penises for me to feel happy with the result. 😉 I mean, if I’d meant to make a set of five glowing, dancing penises I’d have been delighted.

  34. Camestros Felapton: The punchline is that they looked far too much like glowing dancing penises for me to feel happy with the result.

    I think that you should post the video and let Filers take a vote on it.

  35. Re: (3) NICOTINE OVERDOSE ON MARS.

    If the smoking was a distraction I guess most film noir is out.

    Roger Ebert on aspects of film noir:

    “4. Cigarettes. Everybody in film noir is always smoking, as if to say, “On top of everything else, I’ve been assigned to get through three packs today.” The best smoking movie of all time is “Out of the Past,” in which Robert Mitchum and Kirk Douglas smoke furiously at each other. At one point, Mitchum enters a room, Douglas extends a pack and says, “Cigarette?” and Mitchum, holding up his hand, says, “Smoking.” ”
    https://www.rogerebert.com/rogers-journal/a-guide-to-film-noir-genre

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